WHAT DO I NEED TO KNOW ABOUT GYNECOMASTIA?

What Do I Need to Know About Gynecomastia?

Have you ever heard the term gynecomastia? If you’re a man, you should know what it is and if you are at risk for developing this condition. As a plastic surgery office, we would like to provide you with the facts about gynecomastia and the treatment options available.

What is gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is a common condition among men that makes their breasts swell, sometimes to the point where they look like small female breasts.

What causes gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is caused by an imbalance in the ratio of estrogen to testosterone in the male body. Testosterone triggers the formation of male characteristics such as muscle growth and facial hair. Estrogen is the hormone that controls female traits like breast development and ovulation.

If a man’s body isn’t producing enough testosterone or is making excess estrogen, he may start to develop breasts. There are several reasons why a man may experience a hormonal imbalance:

Is gynecomastia dangerous?

Male breast enlargement has no adverse impacts on a man’s physical health. However, men with enlarged breasts are prone to depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. They may also experience feelings of isolation because they tend to avoid situations where they may have to remove their shirts, like at the beach or during certain sports. Seek help from a mental health professional if you experience any of these feelings or mood shifts.

What are the symptoms of gynecomastia?

The first sign of gynecomastia may be a lump of fatty tissue under the nipple, which may be tender or sore. In the later stages, the breast tissue will swell. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, then it is time to see your doctor.

How is gynecomastia diagnosed?

Your doctor will be able to detect gynecomastia after a thorough physical examination. He or she will rule out the possibility of cancer by checking for hard lumps, fluid discharge, or skin abnormalities. You may also have x-rays taken and/or receive a mammogram. Your doctor will want to check hormone levels in your blood and urine.

To be clear, gynecomastia is not an indication of cancer, but any reputable doctor will rule out that possibility before discussing treatment options.

How is gynecomastia treated?

If you are overweight, then getting to a healthy weight through exercise and diet may reverse the condition. Your doctor may also refer you to an endocrinologist, a specialist who treats problems related to hormones.

Many times, plastic surgery is the only option that will bring permanent results. There are two popular surgical options:

Talk to a board-certified plastic surgeon about the risks and benefits of each procedure to determine which is the best option for you.

Northeastern Plastic Surgery understands your desire for a beautiful, youthful looking body and facial appearance. We use the latest plastic surgery techniques to perform a variety of surgical procedures. Dr. Fodero and the staff are very friendly, helpful, and available to answer any questions you may have about the procedures we offer. We strive to ensure that your experience with us is positive. Please contact us today to learn more about the services we offer.

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